Today, we are facing a deadly pandemic that affects the lives of millions of people worldwide. We all know that the coronavirus epidemic can be fatal if your immune system is not as strong as everyone else’s. Because of this virus, the whole world is currently put on lockdown to lessen its spread.
The main priority of most governments today is to flatten the curve of the virus. For civilians, the best way to make sure that you would not contract is to practice social distancing. Even without a global pandemic, viruses and bacteria can be dangerous for human beings if these microorganisms mutated.
There are similarities and differences between viruses and bacteria. One of the similarities between these two microbes is they are both diverse and can have a large variety of shapes and structures. One of the differences between the two is bacteria can live in or out of the human body while viruses are parasitic and cannot live without hosts.
In terms of transmission, bacterial infections can be transmitted through person-to-person contact (including touching and kissing), contact with bodily fluids of an infected person, transmission from mother to child from pregnancy or birth, and having a connection to surfaces that are contaminated with the bacteria such as doorknobs and faucet handles.
In addition, bacterial and viral infections do not solely rely on person-to-person contact. Bacterial infections can also occur if a person is bitten by an insect that carries the disease. Consuming contaminated food or water can also be a cause of a bacterial infection, making food poisoning one of the most common forms of bacterial and viral infections.
There are ways to diagnose if your infection is bacterial or viral. Sometimes, your doctor can distinguish your disease through your medical history and symptoms. An example of this claim is when you have chickenpox or measles because there are no lab tests needed as their symptoms are easily diagnosed once you do a physical examination.
In addition, a medical expert will put the possibility of having a particular infection in their diagnosis when an epidemic is present. Influenza is an example of this condition as there are seasons where this disease is rampant. This situation is also relevant today as most of the symptoms of COVID-19 is similar to influenza.
Another way of knowing your condition is by having a sample for the doctors to culture. The samples that can be cultured are blood, mucus, sputum, urine, stool, skin, and cerebral spinal fluid. When a microorganism is cultured, your doctor can determine which infection you have and what kind of antibiotic treatments you should take.
The best way to prevent a virus or bacteria from infecting your body is by vaccination. Some examples of vaccine-preventable diseases are measles, influenza, tetanus, and whooping cough. Babies are mostly vaccinated, so they would never have to catch these diseases, or if they do, the effect of the illness is drastically lowered.
Another way of preventing a viral or bacterial disease from spreading is by not going out if you are sick. If you are living with your partner, practicing protected sex is advisable, as some viruses can be spread sexually. Cooking your food thoroughly and protecting yourself against bug bites are also recommended to prevent the spread of diseases.
Speaking of cooking, the kitchen is one of the places where viruses and bacteria can be mostly found. Disinfecting the kitchen should be one of your priorities if you do not want any disease from spreading in your family. This Kitchen Cabinet Refacing infographic has everything you need if you’re going to know ways if you’re going to disinfect the kitchen.