The password is arguably the most prominent and most common security measure accessible, and many times it is also the most vulnerable. The password has a great deal of shortcomings. For one, passwords don’t give strong enough identity check. Any individual who gets a hold of the password can easily waltz into an account and take what they want.
Furthermore, the security of the account depends exclusively on the strength of the password, which, as we all know, is normally not sufficient. No one likes to remember a series of characters containing numeric, uppercase, lowercase, and special characters. Users need something straightforward, simple to recall and accidentally, simple to hack. This is the reason behind why organizations are choosing Multi Factor Authentication (MFA) to supplement the password as a method for access control, or in some cases, as a genuine option in contrast to passwords.
The rule of Multi Factor Authentication is that each factor compensates for the shortcoming of different factors. For instance, authentication factors about “something the user knows”, like passwords and pins, can be susceptible to brute-force or social engineering attacks. You can enhance it by including an authentication factor that isn’t so effectively guessed, like “something you have” by authenticating users through their mobile device or through “something you are” like biometric factor like fingerprint or voice. Except if the hacker has all of the factors needed by the system, they won’t access the account.
Beside encryption of data, a great deal of compliance standards generally specifies that organizations need to implement MFA for specific situations. This is particularly evident with regards to protecting sensitive data like personally identifiable information (PII) or financial details. This implies that implementing MFA is really a step to take towards compliance.
You would believe that having multiple authentication factors would make logging into accounts more complicated. In any case, the additional security given by MFA really enables companies to utilize more advanced login options like SSO or Single Sign On.
SSO works by approving the client through MFA amid the login procedure. Once the user is authenticated, they are signed into their single sign-on software. From that point they approach the covered apps of the single sign-on software without the need to sign in for each application separately. Passwordless authentication enables you to offer end users a simpler way. Mobile push authentication, one-time passcodes, Yubikeys and more can be utilized in place of a password to improve both security and user experience simultaneously.
In any case, when users leave their mobile devices at home, they can still safely sign on utilizing a range of alternative second factors such as voice and email OTPs, a PIN-protected desktop application, Yubikeys, Apple Watches, Nymi Bands and more. To settle on the right Multi Factor Authentication solution, it is vital to ensure support for the majority of your use cases, applications and APIs, authentication ways and security prerequisites. Following this decision, deployment planning should occur to avoid business disruptions, support your help desk and follow security best practices.